Why Donald Trump’s accusers chose to speak to the Guardian

Long before tapes of Trump boasting about groping entered the picture, the Guardian took Jill Harth and others seriously. Help us continue in-depth reporting on these serious issues

When I first called Jill Harth back in the spring, she didnt want to talk. Neither did a number of the other women I called who had crossed paths with Donald Trump. But few of them had documented their encounters as thoroughly as Harth, whose 1997 lawsuit alleging attempted rape against Trump is a matter of public record.

Harth had kept quiet for almost 20 years. But a few months after my call, her lawyer got in touch. The impetus, as Harth put it in an emotional hour-long interview at the Guardians New York office in July, was Trumps repeated insistence that any woman alleging misbehavior on his part was lying.

Trump is still calling Harth and many others liars, even as the number of women accusing him of sexual misconduct has risen into the double digits.

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Long before crass tapes of Trump boasting about sexual groping entered the picture and Harths story suddenly became front-page news the Guardian was the rare publication that took Harths story seriously. We were the first to publish her account last July, even as other outlets dismissed stories like it as too frivolous or implausible. We also published the accounts of fat-shamed beauty queen Alicia Machado and legally bullied Sheena Monnin, well before Trumps mistreatment of women became the defining story of the presidential election.

Harth, who charged Trump with sexually assaulting her in one of his childrens bedrooms at his Mar-a-Lago estate in 1993, didnt come to the Guardian by chance. She came to me because she knew the Guardian was committed to telling her story; and she sensed I had the time, flexibility and resources I needed to tell it.

She was right. When Trump clinched the nomination last spring, my editors asked me to dig deeply into Trumps long history of misogyny, and gave me the support I needed to do so.

But the Guardians commitment to this kind of in-depth reporting is time consuming and expensive. Thats why Im writing to ask for your support by making a contribution or becoming a member.

The business model for investigative journalism is broken. As comedian John Oliver explained recently in this brilliant segment, nobody in journalism has figured out a sustainable formula for making money on the internet. Online ads generate a tiny fraction of the revenue that print ads once did and news publications like the Guardian are competing with tech giants Google and Facebook for digital advertising revenue.

From Bill Cosby to Roger Ailes to Donald Trump, this election year may go down as the moment our country finally started taking sexual assault seriously. These stories found an audience because of the brave women who told them, but also because of the journalists and the editors who listened first. We did that at the Guardian, and now we hope youll listen back.

Pleasesupport independent journalism at the Guardian by making a contribution or becoming a member today.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/membership/2016/oct/19/donald-trump-accusers-guardian-membership

Stephen Hawking: AI will be ‘either best or worst thing’ for humanity

Professor praises creation of Cambridge University institute to study future of artificial intelligence

Professor Stephen Hawking has warned that the creation of powerful artificial intelligence will be either the best, or the worst thing, ever to happen to humanity, and praised the creation of an academic institute dedicated to researching the future of intelligence as crucial to the future of our civilisation and our species.

Hawking was speaking at the opening of the Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence (LCFI) at Cambridge University, a multi-disciplinary institute that will attempt to tackle some of the open-ended questions raised by the rapid pace of development in AI research.

We spend a great deal of time studying history, Hawking said, which, lets face it, is mostly the history of stupidity. So its a welcome change that people are studying instead the future of intelligence.

Huw Price is the centres academic director. Photograph: Jon Tonks for the Guardian

While the world-renowned physicist has often been cautious about AI, raising the risk that humanity could be the architect of its own destruction if it creates a superintelligence with a will of its own, he was also quick to highlight the positives that AI research can bring.

The potential benefits of creating intelligence are huge, he said. We cannot predict what we might achieve when our own minds are amplified by AI. Perhaps with the tools of this new technological revolution, we will be able to undo some of the damage done to the natural world by the last one industrialisation. And surely we will aim to finally eradicate disease and poverty.

Every aspect of our lives will be transformed. In short, success in creating AI could be the biggest event in the history of our civilisation.

Huw Price, the centres academic director and the Bertrand Russell professor of philosophy at Cambridge University, where Hawking is also an academic, said that the centre came about partially as a result of the universitys Centre for Existential Risk. That institute, mocked by the tabloid press as offering Terminator Studies, examined a wider range of potential problems for humanity, while the LCFI has a narrow focus.

Weve been trying to slay the terminator meme, Price said, but like its namesake, it keeps coming back for more.

AI pioneer Margaret Boden, professor of cognitive science at the University of Sussex, praised the progress of such discussions. As recently as 2009, she said, the topic wasnt taken seriously, even among AI researchers. AI is hugely exciting, she said, but it has limitations, which present grave dangers given uncritical use.

The academic community is not alone in warning about the potential dangers of AI as well as the potential benefits. A number of pioneers from the technology industry, most famously the entrepreneur Elon Musk, have also expressed their concerns about the damage that a super-intelligent AI could wreak on humanity.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/oct/19/stephen-hawking-ai-best-or-worst-thing-for-humanity-cambridge

Amy Goodman showed us the perils of standing up to the fossil fuel industry | May Boeve

The rights of activists and journalists are under threat wherever communities challenge Big Oil in North Dakota and beyond

For far too long, the world had been ignoring the North Dakota anti-pipelines protests. Then the Democracy Now! host Amy Goodman captured private security forces (employed by a fossil fuel company) sicking dogs on Native Americans during a peaceful demonstration against the Dakota Access Pipeline, which encroaches on their sacred lands and waters. For that, she nearly went to jail.

The video made Goodman a target of North Dakota authorities, who brought charges of trespassing and rioting against her and the native leaders on the ground during the dog attack. Yes, a journalist was threatened with punishment for reporting on the horrific attack on indigenous people.

Authorities said Goodman didnt deserve press protections because her opinions made her an activist instead of a journalist. Are we to punish every journalist who calls out state violence as he or she sees it? How could you not have an opinion in the face of such brutality? Should Walter Cronkite have gone to prison for his words about Vietnam?

Clearly not. Organizations defending freedom of the press decried the charges against Goodman. Activists like ourselves rallied behind her cause online because we understand the importance of a free press to social change. And on Monday, a North Dakota judge dropped the charges due to lack of probable cause.

Its a win for freedom of the press, but intimidation by the fossil fuel industry and its government allies is far from over. Native leaders at the Standing Rock camps know this all too well, as they continue to face arrests by North Dakota police and pressure by Energy Transfer Partners, the company behind the pipeline.

Theres no question that Goodmans fearless reporting helped make this act of brutality a turning point in the fight to stop the Dakota Access Pipeline. Soon after her broadcast, the Obama administration stepped in and paused the project until there could be further consultation of indigenous peoples. Suddenly, TV news and the mainstream media took up the story in a serious way for the first time. Thousands of more people headed out to the camp.

The trampling of our rights as activists, or as journalists, isnt just a problem in North Dakota. Its also a fight thats playing out around the world wherever communities stand up to the fossil fuel industry and other corporate interests destroying our communities and climate.

We see it in the murder of activists like Berta Cceres in Honduras. We see it in the Philippines, where anti-mining activists are being murdered by paramilitary groups. According to a report by Global Witness, 185 environmental activists in 16 countries were killed last year and the number is just going up.

Despite this violence, the movement to challenge the fossil fuel industry has continued to grow more powerful, and were not backing down. As the work to stop the Dakota Access Pipeline continues, Im honored to stand in solidarity with the incredible Native American leaders at Standing Rock who are putting their bodies on the line to shut this destructive project down. The photos and videos of their brave actions have become lightning rods, channeling tremendous new energy into this movement. This is a historic fight unfolding in real time.

The images of resistance at Standing Rock are a call to action. We cannot let the rights of indigenous peoples be sidelined by the fossil fuel industry, and we cant afford another pipeline if we want to maintain a livable planet.

We also must fiercely defend the rights of activists and journalists alike to tell stories like these, stories that often unfold in sacrifice zones far from the halls of power, and to tell them fairly and honestly. This wont be the last fight against a pipeline and Amy Goodman wont be the last journalist brought to court for reporting about the fossil fuel industry. The struggle continues, together.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/oct/18/amy-goodman-perils-standing-up-fossil-fuel-industry

Cancer Moonshot program is ‘close to gigantic progress’, Joe Biden says

Vice-presidents $1bn effort on behalf of cancer research has seen improved information-sharing, report says, but its future is unclear

Vice-president Joe Bidens Cancer Moonshot initiative to speed the development of cancer treatments has made some important strides such as increased information-sharing among researchers but still faces challenges in many areas, according to a report on Monday.

The White House is still seeking about $700m from Congress for the project. With Barack Obama leaving office in January, it is also unclear how much of the initiative will continue under a new administration.

Microsoft and Amazon have committed to creating cloud storage for the effort, according to the report, which summarizes the work completed so far and outlines a path forward over the next five years.

Ride-sharing services Uber and Lyft will help patients get to the doctor and to clinical trials.

Im going to devote the rest of my life to working on this, and I think were perilously close to making some gigantic progress, Biden told reporters.

The $1bn moonshot project was announced by Obama during his State of the Union address in January. Since then, Biden, whose son Beau died last year at age 46 from brain cancer, has announced multiple investments and collaborations in support of the project.

The Cancer Moonshot initiative has also spurred the defense department to use artificial intelligence to analyze its collection of tissue from tumors to look for patterns.

The US Patent and Trademark Office has launched a pilot program to cut in half the time to review certain cancer therapy patent applications from an average of about two years to less than 12 months.

Obama praised Biden for his leadership on the issue and said his administration was laying the groundwork for future presidents to continue the fight against cancer.

While we are going to be leaving soon, what I think we are going to be able to leave behind is an architecture and a framework for advancing cancer research, Obama told reporters after his meeting with Biden.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2016/oct/17/joe-biden-cancer-moonshot-program-update

Ontario seeks to put a cap on water bottle industry with two-year ban

Officials say moratorium would give province time to better understand state of groundwater supplies amid climate change threat and increasing population

The Ontario government has proposed a two-year moratorium on the creation or expansion of bottled water operations fed by groundwater in the Canadian province, in a bid to strike a balance between a burgeoning bottled water industry, a growing population and the effects of climate change.

The province vowed to take action earlier this year after a severe drought prompted questions over regulations that allowed bottled water to draw millions of litres a day of water from the province.

Water bottling is a different kind of industry and we need to treat it differently, Kathleen Wynne, Ontarios premier, said as she promised to update the governments policies. Thirty years ago, we wouldnt have envisioned an industry that took water and put it in plastic bottles so that people could carry it around.

On Monday, officials said the proposed moratorium would offer them time to gain a better grasp on the current state of groundwater supplies in Ontario and ensure the province has the resources needed to meet the dual challenges of climate change and increasing population.

With a changing climate, and specifically with the impacts from drought and increasing population growth, we want to work with the people of Ontario to make sure we are properly protecting this vital resource, said Glen Murray, Ontarios minister of the environment and climate change.

The regulations also seek stricter controls on existing bottled water operations, including shortening the duration of permits that are handed out, from 10 years to five years, and imposing mandatory reductions during times of drought.

The suggested changes, which are open to public comment for the next 45 days, will be paired with an evaluation of the prices currently being charged to bottled water companies. Right now the province charges C$3.71 for every million litres of water, along with a permit fee of up to C$3,000 depending on the risk of environmental impact.

The growing tension between bottled water companies and local communities seeking to shore up their water supply was laid bare last month after authorities in a small, fast-growing southern Ontario township said Nestl, the food and drinks multinational, had purchased a spring water well the township had been eyeing.

Mondays proposed changes mean Nestl will have to wait until 2019 to test the quality and quantity of the water in its newly acquired spring water well. On its website, the company noted that the well was purchased to supplement other operations in the region, as well as support future business growth. Nestl Canada currently has permits that allow it to extract up to 4.7m litres of water a day from sources in Ontario.

On Monday, Nestl said it welcomed the proposed regulations. We as a company and our hundreds of employees in south-western Ontario are pleased with the direction the government is taking, the company said in a statement. We will continue to work with local and provincial governments, environmental agencies and community groups, our employees, as well as local residents on a thorough approach to water resource management to ensure the communitys needs come first.

The governments proposal was also welcomed by Environmental Defence, one of the many groups that has been calling for stricter regulation of the bottled water industry. Climate change and population growth mean that Ontarios water is going to be under increasing stress in the years ahead, said Keith Brooks of the group. The government is right to single out water bottlers and to take action to protect water.

The group was hopeful that the changes would help ensure the community, agricultural and ecosystem needs were prioritised over those of water bottlers and suggested the government could also introduce measures to address the up to one billion plastic bottles that end up in Ontario landfills, streets and rivers each year.

The group also highlighted the governments willingness to evaluate its pricing for the bottled water industry. We look forward to the discussion on the low fees charged to water bottlers, said Brooks. The C$3.71 per million litres currently paid by water bottling companies is laughable.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/17/ontario-bottled-water-operations-moratorium

Jordan Henderson: Liverpool ready for whatever Manchester United throw at us

Jordan Henderson tells Andy Hunter he is still stung by memories of Jos Mourinhos smash-and-grab win with Chelsea in 2014 but says Liverpool are ready for Manchester United

There has been no attempt at Liverpool these past few days to dilute the biggest contest in English club football. It will never be a normal game for as long as I live, Jrgen Klopp said on Friday, visibly excited three days before kick-off. For his captain, Jordan Henderson, the desire to ruin Manchester Uniteds 84th league visit to Anfield will be intensified by the sight of one man: Jos Mourinho. A rivalry that has carried an attritional edge for decades has a new ingredient.

Liverpool may not agree that it is premature to assess whether Mourinho is the right man for United. A combination of the manager who has caused frequent irritation and their fierce adversaries from Old Trafford is a perfect fit in Anfield eyes.

Hendersons grievance is more specific. Diplomacy may be part of the 26-year-olds job as captain of club and country, at least at the expense of Wayne Rooney in Slovenia last week. However, even Henderson admits that memories of Mourinhos part in Liverpools title downfall in 2014 is added motivation to get one over the former Chelsea manager on Monday.

Henderson was suspended when Chelsea derailed Anfields dreams of the Premier League title on 27April 2014. The midfielder was forced to suffer as a supporter when, according to Steven Gerrards autobiography, the ambitious tactics of Brendan Rodgers played straight into Mourinhos trap.

Opening a six-point gap over United so early in this campaign and fuelling the new United managers frustrations in the process would, Henderson believes, sort of put that to bed.

Liverpools current captain, who has been instrumental in the teams impressive start to the season, says: I will never forget that Chelsea game at Anfield when we lost and we were going for the title. It was frustrating for me. I was a fan, I was in the crowd, it was frustrating to watch. I was shouting at the ref to get things going a bitquicker.

It wasnt a nice game to watch but full credit to Jos. It was tactically very good from him and he is a great tactician, he is a worldclass manager and he has shown that in the clubs he has been at. The way they played that game was very clever from Jos. We were on fire at the time and the way they played the game, very slow, sitting in, it was difficult to watch.

Despair for Liverpool and Steven Gerrard as Chelsea win at Anfield in 2014. Photograph: Tom Jenkins for the Guardian

They made it very difficult throwins, goal-kicks, they were taking forever and that got everyone worked up in the stadium and it worked to their advantage because they got the result they came for and it had a big impact on us winning the league. I will never really forget that, so Monday will be a big occasion, if we can keep performing the way we are and win, to sort of put that to bed.

It will be a tough game. United are a good team who have some very good players and a top manager. We need to be ready and prepared for anything that is thrown at us.

Liverpool have played only seven Premier League games but with only one defeat, seven points from trips to Arsenal, Tottenham Hotspur and Chelsea, plus several devastating displays in front of goal, they appear equipped to produce the clubs first challenge at the summit since the high point of Rodgers reign.

Every player for me is raising their game and performing really well, Henderson says. In the final third we have been very good, ruthless. We have some very talented players going forward and creating opportunities. Were all getting on the scoresheet, were all getting assists, which helps us as a team. If you are the opposition, you dont know where the goals are going to come from because they could come from anywhere.

In 2013-14 it was the stunning individual talent of Luis Surez that carried Liverpool to the verge of the title, with a fine supporting cast in Daniel Sturridge, Gerrard, Henderson and co. Under Klopp it is the collective that fills Anfield with hope and poses the greatest threat to United.

However, the England international says: I still felt we were a good unit when Luis was here but, obviously, he stood out because he is a world-class player. Luis is one of the best in the world, so he got a lot of the headlines but I think that helped the team as well. He helped take all the pressure off because he was performing and scoring every week. For us it was just go and do what we do, really.

Now everyone is performing really well and getting praise but it is a case of more of the same and not getting carried away with anything. I am sure the manager will be right on top of that. That will definitely not happen in this team with him managing it, so we will just continue executing the game plan like we have been doing.

Henderson insists that United are not a target for Klopps team this season, only for Monday at Anfield. We want to be the best team, not only better than Man United, he says. We want to be better than everyone and thats the mentality weve set.

It is notable that Liverpools captain, as with the subject of Mourinho adding spice to Uniteds presence at Anfield, does not dismiss the suggestion that another statement in victory for Klopps team so early in the season will fuel belief that a title challenge is under way.

Liverpool are supporting Standard Chartereds Seeing Is Believing charity initiative. Photograph: LFC

I think weve got a lot of belief as it is with the performances and results weve had, Henderson says. We believe if we keep working hard and improving, not only as individuals but as a team, and keep listening to the manager, that we are definitely going in the right direction. Thats what everyone wants.

This is a massive game that everyone will be watching but for us its another team who are trying to take away three points and weve got to stop that and make sure we win.

It was one thing for Mourinho to instruct his goalkeeper to waste time with a goal-kick in the first minute while Chelsea manager or to send on his physio within the first 10 minutes, as he did during that 2-0 victory at Anfield, but it would be an affront to Uniteds traditions under Sir Alex Ferguson to repeat the trick on Monday. Henderson is adamant that Liverpool can triumph regardless. They could try and spoil it but thats up to him, isnt it? the Liverpool captain argues.

When we played United in the Europa League last season we had them on the back foot because we had good momentum. We dominated the game and they never got off the back foot. But coming to spoil a game? Im not sure.

Its for Jos to do whatever he wants really. Hell do whatever he thinks he needs to in order to win the game. We will just be prepared for whatever is thrown at us. Well play as we have been. If we keep doing that, working as we have been, it doesnt matter what other teams will do. Theyll not live withus.

Jordan Henderson and Liverpool are supporting Standard Chartereds Seeing Is Believing charity initiative, which helps the 285m people around the world who suffer from preventable blindness. For more information or to donate, visit https://www.sc.com/en/sustainability/investing-in-communities/seeing-is-believing.html

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/football/2016/oct/16/jordan-henderson-liverpool-manchester-united-jose-mourinho-jurgen-klopp

NFL wrap: Dolphins shock Steelers while Brady and Beckham excel

The Miami Dolphins left Ben Roethlisberger limping, and the rest of the Pittsburgh Steelers didnt look much better

The Miami Dolphins left Ben Roethlisberger limping, and the rest of the Pittsburgh Steelers didnt look much better. Roethlisberger missed one series because of a left knee injury and was held to 189 yards passing, and Miami beat Pittsburgh 30-15.

Jay Ajayi rushed for 204 yards and two scores on 25 carries for the Dolphins, who improved to 2-4. The Steelers (4-2) had scored 74 points in their previous two games, but were outgained 474-297. Pittsburghs Antonio Brown, the NFLs leading receiver, was held to four receptions for 39 yards. Team-mate Sammie Coates, playing with a hand injury, didnt have a catch.

Roethlisberger had only 83 yards passing with five minutes left before he drove the Steelers 97 yards for a touchdown that made it 23-15. Miami recovered the ensuing onside kick to seal the victory, and on the next play Ajayi scored on a 62-yard run. The Steelers only other touchdown came in the first quarter when Darrius Heyward-Bey scored on a 60-yard end around. Reshad Jones and Isa Abdul-Quddus had interceptions for the Dolphins, their first since the season opener.

Roethlisberger finished 19 for 34. He hobbled to the locker room and missed one series late in the second quarter when he was hurt scrambling on the play that resulted in Jones interception, and he was still walking gingerly when the game ended.

Baltimore Ravens 23-27 New York Giants

A banged-up Odell Beckham Jr. turned a fourth-and-one pass into a winning 66-yard catch and run with 1:24 to play as the New York Giants snapped a three-game losing streak with a stunning 27-23 victory over the hurting Baltimore Ravens.

The win was the 700th in franchise history. Beckham gave it to the Giants with a career day despite going to the locker room with a hip pointer in the second quarter. Beckham returned before the half and made the Giants (3-3) a winner with a spectacular second half. It featured a 75-yard touchdown catch and a 43-yard reception that set up one of Josh Browns two field goals. The Ravens (3-3) lost their third straight.

Beckham finished with eight catches for 222 yards. His late heroics saved the Giants, who were on the verge of a fourth straight loss after Terrance West scored on a 2-yard run with a 2:04 to play, giving the Ravens a short-lived 23-20 lead.

Cincinnati Bengals 17-35 New England Patriots

Tom Brady had a smooth regular-season home debut. Playing in his first game in Foxborough since the end of his Deflategate suspension, Brady had three touchdown passes and went over 5,000 completions for his career and the Patriots beat the Cincinnati Bengals 35-17.

Brady finished 29 for 35 for 376 yards. Rob Gronkowski had seven receptions for a career-high 162 yards and a touchdown. Cincinnati dropped to 2-4 for the first time since 2010, when they finished 4-12 their worst season under coach Marvin Lewis. The Bengals had their moments offensively, scoring on a two-yard touchdown run by Andy Dalton and five-yard pass from Dalton to Brandon LaFell. Dalton finished 21 of 31 for 254 yards and the touchdown.

But New England (5-1) bounced back from some sluggish drives early with several big plays in the third quarter. The Bengals scored on their first drive after halftime to briefly take a 14-10 lead. The Patriots responded swiftly with a safety and a pair of touchdown passes by Brady first to Gronkowski, then to James White to put the Patriots back in front.

Carolina Panthers 38-41 New Orleans Saints

Drew Brees passed for 465 yards and four touchdowns, Wil Lutz kicked a 52-yard field goal with 11 seconds left, and the New Orleans Saints pulled out a 41-38 victory over the Carolina Panthers.

With his 15th 400-yard game, Brees broke a tie with Peyton Manning for the most all time in the regular season.

Brees also led the Saints (2-3) to a second straight victory while Carolina lost its fourth straight despite the return of quarterback Cam Newton, who missed last weeks loss to Tampa Bay because of a concussion.

Newton passed for 322 yards and two touchdowns. He also ran for a two-yard score that tied the game at 38 with 2:58 left and completed a comeback from an early 21-0 deficit.

However, he was also intercepted by Sterling Moore in the back of the end zone, stalling a promising drive in the first half a turnover that came back to haunt the defending NFC champions.

Philadelphia Eagles 20-27 Washington

Kirk Cousins threw for 263 yards and two touchdowns and Washington ran roughshod over one of the NFLs top defenses in a 27-20 victory over the Philadelphia Eagles.

The three-headed running attack of Matt Jones, Robert Kelley and Chris Thompson combined for 231 yards and a touchdown as Washington (4-2) won their fourth consecutive game. After starting the season 0-3, Washington has their best record through six games since 2008.

Washington put up 493 offensive yards against the Eagles (3-2), who came in allowing an average of 266.8 yards and 12.6 points as the leagues second-best defense. Malcolm Jenkins intercepted Cousins and returned it 64 yards for a touchdown, but Philadelphia struggled to stop Washington for most of the day.

Cousins, who was 18 of 34 and not at his best, connected with Jamison Crowder on a 16-yard touchdown and with Vernon Davis on a 13-yard touchdown. Davis started at tight end in place of Jordan Reed, who was out with a concussion. Jones ran for a one-yard touchdown and sealed the victory with a 57-yard run on third down with 1:27 left as part of his 135-yard day.

San Francisco 49ers 16-45 Buffalo Bills

LeSean McCoy scored three times and the Buffalo Bills extended their winning streak to four with a 45-16 victory over San Francisco and new starter Colin Kaepernick.

McCoy had 140 yards rushing and shook off what appeared to be a frightening injury to his right knee late in the second quarter. Tyrod Taylor threw two touchdown passes in helping Buffalo win four straight for the first time since the start of the 2008 season.

Kaepernick provided the 49ers a spark in his first start in nearly a year. Blaine Gabbert was benched following a 33-21 loss to Arizona. Kaepernick finished 13 of 29 for 187 yards, including a 53-yard touchdown pass to Torrey Smith. But San Francisco (1-5) couldnt finish drives, settling for three field goals by Phil Dawson, in losing their fifth straight game. Kaepernick was the target of numerous boos and chants when he kneeled during the national anthem in continuing his protest against racial oppression and police brutality.

Los Angeles Rams 28-31 Detroit Lions

Matt Prater made a tiebreaking, 34-yard field goal with 1:29 left and Rafael Bush followed with a victory-sealing interception two plays later, giving the Detroit Lions a 31-28 win over the Los Angeles Rams.

The Lions (3-3) have won two straight games with Prater making the winning kick and a defensive back following up with an interception on the ensuing possession. Last week, Praters kick and Darius Slays interception gave Detroit a win over previously unbeaten Philadelphia. The Rams (3-3) have lost two straight.

Case Keenum completed a Rams-record 20 straight passes, but couldnt connect with Lance Kendricks on the long throw that Bush stepped in front of near midfield. Keenum finished 27 of 32 for 321 yards with three touchdowns two to Kenny Britt, one to Kendricks and an interception.

Jacksonville Jaguars 17-16 Chicago Bears

Blake Bortles threw for 271 yards and hit a slipping Arrelious Benn for a 51-yard touchdown in the closing minutes, lifting the Jacksonville Jaguars to a 17-16 victory over the Chicago Bears.

The Jaguars (2-3) wiped out a 13-0 deficit in the fourth quarter in a matchup of last-place teams. And the go-ahead touchdown might have been helped by the oft-criticized turf at Soldier Field.

Benn slipped as he caught a slant and so did Tracy Porter as he tried to tag the receiver. That allowed Benn, who spent the past three seasons on injured reserve, to get up and run untouched for his first touchdown in five seasons.

That gave the Jaguars a one-point lead with 2:49 left and sent the Bears (1-5) to another loss after they dropped the previous game to Indianapolis on a late TD pass by Andrew Luck. Chicago came up short despite racking up 389 yards. The Bears Brian Hoyer threw for 302 yards his fourth straight 300-yard game filling in for the injured Jay Cutler.

Cleveland Browns 26-28 Tennessee Titans

Marcus Mariota threw for 284 yards and three touchdowns, and the Tennessee Titans held on to beat the Cleveland Browns 28-26 for their second straight victory the first time theyve won consecutive games since the end of the 2013 season.

The Titans (3-3) matched their win total for all of last season when they went 3-13 and wound up with the No1 draft pick overall. They also beat a team other than Jacksonville on their own field for the first time since the 2013 season finale and improved to 3-16 in Nashville. Cleveland (0-6) are now mired in their worst start since 1999 when the Browns lost their first seven as an expansion franchise.

Not that the Titans care after losing to the Browns each of the past two seasons, especially with the Browns nearly pulling off another thrilling comeback. They made NFL history in 2014 rallying from 25 points down to win. This time, they trailed 28-13 when Cody Kessler hit Terrelle Pryor for a five-yard TD with 2:07 left, but his pass on the two-point conversion failed. The Browns recovered the onside kick, and Duke Johnson Jr scored. The Browns kicked another onside kick, yet Andre Johnson recovered the ball for Tennessee.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2016/oct/16/nfl-scores-dolphins-steelers-brady-patriots-bengals-lions-bills

Angry young women return wiser and happier in midlife

In the years since Cathi Hanauers bestselling anthology of life stories, the women she spoke to have new goals

In 2002, Cathi Hanauer published The Bitch in the House, a bestselling compilation of 26 life stories by women who felt they were carrying a disproportionate load in the home and in their lives.

They were angry and disillusioned, sexually unfulfilled, financially over-burdened, their menfolk were lazy and unappreciative, and their children messy and that was just the start.

The Bitch is Back by Cathi Hanauer

Fourteen years on, Hanauer reports, this same generation of women, now in their 40s and 50s, are happier. The children have left, husbands have been sidelined in many cases, and they are now free to redefine themselves in new and decidedly post-feminist ways and all the better for it.

That, at least, is the broad premise of The Bitch is Back a book in which Hanauer sets out to codify through personal accounts the gains women have made in an era of rapid, if uneven, personal and professional assertion.

The theme of the first book was anger, women juggling careers and young children and feeling like feminism had failed them, Hanauer said. But now, as weve settled into early midlife, Ive noticed that more women are making dramatic changes. The changes she noticed women around her making include leaving marriages sometimes for other women having babies on their own, or choosing to live alone.

Statistics bear out her observations: 51% of women in the US are single, 43% of mothers are unmarried, women over 50 are now twice as likely to divorce as in 1990, half of divorces for those over 40 are initiated by women.

Its about how not to be the bitch in the house any more, about how not to be angry and disappointed, but about how you choose to get yourself happier in midlife.

In the book, we meet a woman who plans to leave her husband because she is frustrated by his lack of sexual interest; another faces the opposite issue. A woman describes dating again in her 50s, others confront anxieties about appearance, health, loss, dating younger, dating older, not dating at all.

While no convenient marketing term has been coined for this phase reckoning or reawakening, Hanauer suggests these are ideas reconditioned from the 1960s that, thanks in part to technology but mostly to economic equalisation, have become part of the social mainstream.

Back then it was the radicals and the fringe; now everyone talks about this, Hanauer says. As women have become stronger economically, theyve started to be able to say the things they have thought for a long time.

Traditionally, she says, we have heard a lot about the male midlife crisis but much less about a comparable phase for women. Midlife used to be the time a lot of women started to feel invisible but now were able to ask, am I happy in this marriage? Am I happy in this town? Am I happy in this job?

The choice, she says, is to calcify or decide to make things better: Early midlife is a last chance to do that. But not everyone, she says, needs a radical overhaul: Frustrations are normal, so for many women its a matter of adjusting expectations and making a few subtle adjustments.

Hanauer, who has published several novels, is married to Daniel Jones, editor of the New York Times Modern Love column and author of the Bitch series counterpart compilation, appropriately titled The Bastard on the Couch. When the Observer spoke to Hanauer, the couple were driving to a book reading in Massachusetts.

The bitch and the bastard hit the road together and that led to the Modern Love column. Weve always been very in sync that way and supportive of each others careers, she says. Our careers bounce off of each other, though people keep asking him if hes going to do The Bastard Returns. For the record, Jones says no way, but concedes he might do The Bastard is Still on the Couch.

Theres still an element of disquiet about the use of the word bitch in the title. In September, the New York Times used the title The bitch America needs for a pro-Hillary Clinton political opinion piece. The choice drew widespread criticism, with some readers writing in to say that the paper had stooped to tabloid titillation.

For Hanauer, the title was conceived partly as a response to Virginia Woolf and her riposte to a 19th-century poem by Coventry Patmore, The Angel in the House, about the passive qualities of his perfect wife. Woolf thought the repressive ideal of women represented by the poem was still so potent that she wrote, in 1931, Killing the Angel in the House was part of the occupation of a woman writer.

Hanauer says that while some women were dismayed by the title, others recognised themselves. They thought, yes, thats me. They said they felt angry and mean and didnt want to feel that way. But they were also strong and assertive,and thats the good definition of the bitch in the house even when were not being angelic.

For the couple, their shared exploration into this realm has produced one sustaining observation.

Weve learned that there are so many different ways to do things, different ways to be and ways to be happy. The main thing is to figure out what works for you, says Hanauer.

Theres no normal. No right or wrong. Its just yourself, your happiness and your obligations and how to combine those to have a better, more content life.

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2016/oct/15/cathi-hanauer-bitch-returns-older-and-wiser

Hunted to the brink, but Africas reviled vultures are vital in fight against disease

Wildlife photojournalist of the year exposes the plight of the endangered scavenger

Vultures are rarely viewed as the poster boys and girls of the natural world. They have repulsive eating habits and are strikingly ugly. Nevertheless, they play a critical role in maintaining the ecological health of many parts of the world.

Vultures consume animal carcasses more effectively than any other scavengers and because their digestive juices contain acids that neutralise pathogens such as cholera and rabies they prevent diseases spreading. They act as dead-end hosts for numerous unpleasant ailments. But many ecologists are now warning that vultures across the planet are under serious threat thanks to habitat loss, deliberate and accidental poisoning, and use of the birds body parts as traditional medicine cures.

All these risks will be emphasised by British photographer Charlie Hamilton James in a series of images that will be shown as part of the Wildlife Photographer of the Year exhibition, which opens at the Natural History Museum this week.

His photographs of vultures and the growing environmental risks that threaten to wipe them out have won Hamilton James the exhibitions wildlife photojournalist of the year award.

I like underdogs, he said last week. That is why I like vultures. The trouble is that vultures are now under such stress in the wild for several reasons. They are facing a massive catastrophe yet they do so much for the environment and do so much to contain disease.

Vultures are one of the fastest declining groups of animals in the world. In India, all nine species of the bird are threatened with extinction, largely through the indiscriminate use of diclofenac, a common anti-inflammatory drug administered to livestock but which is lethal for the vultures that eat the corpses of cattle.

There is now a real danger that a disease like rabies will spread because there are hardly any vultures left to clean up corpses left in the open, Hamilton James said.

In Africa where vulture losses are expected to reach 70% to 97% over the next 50 years the causes are more varied. One key factor is poisoning, both accidental and deliberate. Poachers use poison to kill elephants and rhinos and to kill vultures to stop them circling in the skies over dead prey and alerting gamekeepers to the presence of dead animals and the poachers. That is a major threat, said Hamilton James.

A market trader offers the body of a lappet-faced vulture at the Faraday muthi market in Johannesburg. Photograph: Charlie Hamilton James

Another factor in southern Africa is the use of vulture body parts in traditional medicine known as muthi as cures and treatments for a number of ailments and as sources of improved strength, speed and endurance.

Vulture brains are also dried, mixed with mud and smoked because it is thought that helps you see into the future, said Hamilton James.

In one of his most telling images, a trader is seen selling the body of an endangered lappet-faced vulture at a muthi market in Johannesburg. The market was full of bits of elephant, leopard, lion, snakes, owls, eagles and ostrich, as well as lots of plants, said Hamilton James.

The skin of a pangolin, the most trafficked species in the world, is also visible in the photograph.

Vultures can also be poisoned accidentally. Herders in Africa often lace dead cattle with poison in order to kill lions and other predators that raid their herds. The poison goes through the systems of both cattle and predator and is eaten by vultures, which then die.

Habitat loss caused by the spread of farming and city suburbs in Africa is another critical factor in falling vulture numbers as is industrial and agricultural pollution. Power lines, which are spreading across the continent, also pose a risk, with birds flying into them on a regular basis.

The crisis facing vultures is exacerbated by the fact that the birds develop very slowly. Vultures do not reach sexual maturity until they are between five and seven years old. They also breed slowly, with female birds laying only a single egg every one or two years. Each new chick is therefore critical to the survival of thespecies.

Several conservation groups are now working to try to save the worlds vultures, as is revealed in Hamilton Jamess photographs. They include the Namibian Vulture Project, which monitors endangered lappet-faced vultures in the Namib-Naukluft national park. The aerial survey takes four days and the plane travels 3,000km (1,865 miles).

Active nests are identified and GPS coordinates sent to ground crews who check the nest with a car mirror extension so as not to disturb any chicks and then ring any they find.

In South Africa, workers at the VulPro vulture conservation programme treat poisoned vultures with atropine and charcoal to try to help them recover. It is hard work, however. In 1922, the population of the local white-backed vulture was thought to be around 270,000. In 2015, it was 9,400. It is a desperate problem, said Hamilton James.

The Wildlife Photographer of the Year exhibition is at the Natural History Museum, South Kensington, London, from 21 October to 10 September 2017

Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/oct/15/demise-of-vulture-puts-africa-at-risk-of-disease